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避开“陷阱” 巧夺单选高分

http://cq.QQ.com  2010年05月20日17:35   《高考金刊》    评论0
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三、标点符号的干扰

标点符号在一个句子中是很不引人注意的,但它的作用有时却相当大。许多同学在做题时往往忽略标点的作用从而导致解题失误。相反,利用好标点符号可以帮助我们找到解题的突破口,从而很容易得出正确答案。

例7 The road conditions there turned out to be very good, _______ was more than we could expect.

A. it B. what

C. which D. that

解析:答案为C。该题考查非限制性定语从句。因为题干中的逗号后无连词,所以不可能是个并列句,由此排除A项;又因为what, that不能引导非限制性定语从句,故可排除选项B和D。此处which引导非限制性定语从句指代前面整个句子。

例8 Please do me a favor ——

_______ my friend Mr. Smith to Youth Theatre at 7:30 tonight.

A. to invite B. inviting

C. invite D. invited

解析:答案为C。题干中的破折号表明,后一句是对前一句的解释说明,且前后为对等关系,既然前一句为祈使句,那么后一句也应为祈使句,因此答案为C项。

四、多义词干扰

不少熟词有新含义,高考试题常常设计语境加以考查。

例9 Encourage your children to try new things, but try not to ______ them too hard.

A. draw B. strike

C. rush D. push

解析:答案为D。 push此处意为“逼迫,催促”。整句意为:多鼓励孩子们去尝试新事物,但是尽量不要强迫他们。其余选项都没有此意义。

例10 —Do you have enough to ______ all your daily expenses?

—Oh, yes, enough.

A. cover B. spend

C. fill D. offer

解析:答案为A。cover此处意为“足够支付,支付”。句意为:你有足够的钱来支付你所有的日常开销吗?

五、句式结构的创新干扰

为充分检测同学们透过复杂语境辨认语言现象的能力,近年高考英语单项选择题加大了题干结构的创新度,一些原本正常的句子结构出现了前置、后置、省略、倒装、强调等非正常结构。

例11 _______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends.

A. Completing

B. Having completed

C. To have completed

D. To complete

解析:答案为D。该空表示“为了及时完成这项工程”,作目的状语,应填不定式to complete。该目的状语原来位于主句末尾。

例12 The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only _______, but students became more interested in the lessons.

A. saved was teachers’ energy

B. was teachers’ energy saved

C. teachers’ energy was saved

D. was saved teachers’ energy

解析:考查倒装语序。在not only…but also…句型中,当not only置于第一个分句句首时,第一个分句要用部分倒装语序,即把助动词was提到主语teachers’ energy之前,将saved置后。答案为B。

例13 Every evening after dinner, if not ______ from work, I will spend some time walking my dog.

A. being tired B. tiring

C. tired D. to be tired

解析:该题考查状语从句的省略现象,即“连词+分词”结构。if not tired from work为状语从句if I’m not tired from work的省略形式。答案为C。

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